Queensland’s 2019 greenhouse gas emissions and targets

Queensland has committed to achieving zero net emissions by 2050, with an interim target to reduce emissions by 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. Information on Queensland greenhouse gas emissions is sourced from the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory. This section provides a snapshot of Queensland’s total greenhouse gas emissions in 2019, greenhouse gas emissions by sector, and progress towards our 2030 target.

Queensland’s 2019 total greenhouse gas emissions were 164.5 MtCO₂-e
Sector Emissions (Mt CO₂-e)
Waste 2.590987
Energy industries 64.3011
Manufacturing industries and construction 9.116959
Transport 23.61828
Other sectors 3.148533
Fugitive emissions from fuels 18.23021
Industrial processes 5.826447
Agriculture 21.38365
Land use and land-use change and forestry 16.32173

Source: State and territory greenhouse gas inventories: 2019 emissions | Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

Total Queensland annual emissions from 2005–2019, and 2030 emissions reduction target
Year Total emissions
2005 190.625
2006 186.844
2007 187.57
2008 182.544
2009 177.64
2010 178.463
2011 165.228
2012 165.26
2013 164.796
2014 159.609
2015 162.707
2016 161.502
2017 165.327
2018 174.828
2019 164.538

Source: State and territory greenhouse gas inventories: 2019 emissions | Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

  • The dotted line represents Queensland’s emission reduction target of at least 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. Queensland’s 2019 emissions were 14% below 2005 levels, which is almost halfway to the 2030 emissions reduction target.
  • To achieve Queensland’s 30% below 2005 levels by 2030 target, the abatement task from current 2019 levels is 31.1 MtCO₂-e.
Total Queensland annual emissions by sector from 2005–2019
Year Energy emissions Industrial Processes emissions Agriculture emissions LULUCF emissions Waste emissions
2005 93.370077 5.278116 22.603803 66.529983 2.843454
2006 95.630076 4.780616 22.118752 61.53772 2.777179
2007 97.685322 5.109106 22.118833 59.550183 3.106948
2008 98.889899 5.442703 22.234741 52.712508 3.263694
2009 99.989543 5.485541 23.221666 45.422436 3.520539
2010 100.808079 5.520208 21.217315 47.404591 3.512555
2011 97.775768 5.289202 23.656902 34.900146 3.605995
2012 100.880651 5.247356 22.897306 33.131177 3.103144
2013 101.109786 4.836447 23.725757 31.771203 3.352832
2014 98.60844 5.108876 23.968637 28.74596 3.177472
2015 107.785836 5.231389 21.461464 25.03789 3.190063
2016 112.754537 5.111032 21.022483 19.400489 3.213783
2017 115.435727 4.889959 21.35683 20.612394 3.032514
2018 121.060001 5.181399 22.739905 23.01284 2.833949
2019 118.415077 5.826447 21.383648 16.321725 2.590987

Source: State and territory greenhouse gas inventories: 2019 emissions | Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) emissions by subsector
Sub sector Emissions (MtCO₂-e)
Forest land -6.258946
Cropland 1.263109
Grassland 20.026615
Wetland 1.779493
Settlements 0.413224
Harvested wood products -0.901771

Source: State and territory greenhouse gas inventories: 2019 emissions | Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

  • Queensland LULUCF emissions in 2019 were 16.3 MtCO₂-e or almost 10% of total 2019 emissions.
  • Land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) is made up of six subsectors comprising greenhouse gas emissions and removals.
  • In 2019, 65% of Queensland’s LULUCF emissions were from grasslands, which comprise emissions and removals from grassland remaining grassland and forest land and wetlands converted to grassland.
  • In 2019, forest land and harvested wood products were a greater source of sequestration than emissions representing -20% and -3% respectively.
  • In 2019, 6% of total LULUCF emissions were from wetlands, 4% from croplands and 1% from settlements.
  • Forest land comprises emissions and sequestration from forest land remaining forest land and land converted to forest land. Forest land remaining forest land includes plantations, harvested native forests and other native forests. Emissions from fuelwood consumption and biomass burning in forests (controlled burning and wildfire) are also included as is the sequestration associated with post-fire recovery. Land converted to forest land includes grassland, croplands, settlements and wetlands (tidal marsh) on which forest is identified to emerge.
  • Cropland comprises emissions and sequestration from cropland remaining cropland and forest land and wetlands converted to cropland.
  • Grassland comprises emissions and sequestration from grassland remaining grassland and forest land and wetlands converted to grassland.
  • Wetland comprise emissions and sequestration from wetlands remaining wetlands and forest land converted to wetlands. Wetlands remaining wetlands estimates represent nitrous oxides emissions from aquaculture use in tidal wetlands, net CO2 emissions from removal of seagrass due to capital dredging and net emissions due to human-induced changes in the area of sparse woody vegetation.
  • Settlements comprises emissions and sequestration from settlements remaining settlements and forest land and wetlands converted to settlements.
  • Harvested wood products is represented as a sink as most timber is used for example, in the construction industry in the form of buildings and furniture, where it often stays for decades.
Waste emissions by subsector
Sub sector Emissions (MtCO₂-e)
Solid waste disposal 1.911742
Biological treatment of solid waste 0.055833
Incineration and open burning of waste 0.006517
Waste water treatment and discharge 0.616894
Other 0

Source: State and territory greenhouse gas inventories: 2019 emissions | Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

  • Queensland waste emissions in 2019 were 2.6 MtCO₂-e or 1.6% of Queensland’s total greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Queensland’s waste sector greenhouse gas emissions come from four key subsectors including solid waste disposal, biological treatment of solid waste, incineration and open burning of waste, and waste water treatment and discharge.
  • Landfill (solid waste disposal) is the largest source of waste-related emissions at just under 74% of the sectors total emissions in 2019.
  • Approximately 24% of waste sector emissions come from waste water treatment and discharge while a very small contribution to greenhouse gas emissions is made by the treatment of solid waste.
  • Treatment of solid waste and incineration produces a very small contribution to greenhouse gas emissions in the sector.
Agriculture emissions by subsector
Sub sector Emissions (MtCO₂-e)
Enteric fermentation 16.865364
Manure management 2.32038
Rice cultivation 0.003399
Agricultural soils 1.917408
Field burning of agricultural residues 0.033459
Liming 0.038354
Urea application 0.205284

Source: State and territory greenhouse gas inventories: 2019 emissions | Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

  • Queensland agriculture emissions in 2019 were 21.4 MtCO₂-e or 13% of Queensland’s total 2019 greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Emissions from agriculture include enteric fermentation; manure management; rice cultivation; agricultural soils; field burning of agricultural residues; liming and the application of urea as a fertiliser.
  • The largest source of Queensland’s agriculture emissions is enteric fermentation representing 79% of the sector’s total emissions. This is primarily due to methane emissions produced from Queensland’s large livestock numbers including beef cattle, sheep, horses, goats and pigs.
  • Manure management and agricultural soils are the next largest sources of agriculture emissions in Queensland representing almost 11% and 9% respectively.
  • Greenhouse gas emissions from rice cultivation, field burning of agricultural residues, liming and urea application are low representing 1.3% of Queensland’s agricultural emissions.
Industrial processes emissions by subsector
Sub sector Emissions (MtCO₂-e)
Mineral industry 1.362966
Chemical industry 1.477619
Non-energy products from fuels and solvent use 0.05536
Product uses as ODS substitutes 1.986643
Other product manufacture and use 0.02833
Other 0.91553

Source: State and territory greenhouse gas inventories: 2019 emissions | Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources

  • Queensland industrial process emissions in 2019 were 5.8 MtCO₂-e or 3.5% of Queensland’s total 2019 greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Industrial processes involve activities from a range of production processes such as the mineral industry, through cement and glass production and chemical industry. This sector also includes refrigeration and air conditioning. Greenhouse gas emissions from halocarbons, a replacement for ozone-depleting substances used in refrigeration and air-conditioning, have increased significantly representing 34% of the greenhouse gas emissions produced by Industrial processes in 2019.
  • Emissions from six subsectors make up Queensland’s industrial processes including mineral industry (23%), non-energy products from fuels and solvent use (1%), chemical industry (25%), Product uses as ozone depleting substances (ODS) substitutes (34%), other product manufacture and use (0.5%), and other (16%).